Fractures around the hip are relatively common and can affect people of all ages. The hip is a complex joint that consists of the femur (thigh bone) and the acetabulum (socket in the pelvis). Fractures in this area can occur in different parts of the hip and may vary in severity. Here are some types of hip fractures:
- Femoral Neck Fracture - This type of fracture occurs at the top of the femur, just below the ball-shaped head of the bone. Femoral neck fractures are more common in older adults and can be associated with osteoporosis. They can disrupt blood supply to the femoral head, leading to complications.
- Intertrochanteric Fracture - This fracture happens below the femoral neck, between the greater and lesser trochanters. It typically affects older adults and is often caused by falls or trauma. Intertrochanteric fractures are usually stable and have a better blood supply compared to femoral neck fractures.
- Subtrochanteric Fracture - This fracture occurs just below the intertrochanteric region, in the shaft of the femur. It is less common than femoral neck and intertrochanteric fractures but can result from high-energy trauma or stress fractures. Subtrochanteric fractures are often unstable and require surgical intervention.
Fractures around the hip can cause significant pain, swelling, and difficulty with weight-bearing and mobility. Diagnosis typically involves physical examination, medical imaging such as X-rays or CT scans, and sometimes additional tests like MRI or bone scans to assess the extent of the fracture and associated injuries.
Treatment options for hip fractures depend on the type and severity of the fracture, as well as the patient's age and overall health. Non-surgical treatments may be considered for certain cases, but most hip fractures require surgical intervention. The specific surgical approach will vary but often involves the use of screws, plates, or rods to stabilise the fracture and promote healing.
Following surgery, rehabilitation plays a crucial role in the recovery process. Physical therapy and exercises help restore strength, mobility, and function in the hip joint. The overall prognosis for hip fractures depends on various factors, including the type of fracture, the patient's age and health, and the success of surgical intervention.
If you suspect a hip fracture or have concerns about your hip, getting in touch with Dr. Rajesh Malhotra can help you know your condition, get an accurate diagnosis, and have the most appropriate treatment plan.