Injections in the knee are commonly used as a non-surgical treatment option for various knee conditions and injuries. These injections can help reduce pain, inflammation, and improve joint function. Here are some common types of injections used in knee treatments:
- Corticosteroid Injections - Corticosteroids are powerful anti-inflammatory medications that can provide significant relief from pain and inflammation in the knee joint. These injections are usually recommended for conditions like osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, bursitis, and tendonitis. Corticosteroid injections can provide temporary relief, but their effects may wear off over time.
- Hyaluronic Acid Injections - Hyaluronic acid is a substance that occurs naturally in the synovial fluid of the knee joint. Injections of hyaluronic acid, also known as viscosupplementation, can help lubricate and cushion the joint, providing relief from pain and improving joint mobility. This treatment is commonly used for knee osteoarthritis when other conservative treatments have failed.
- Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) Injections - PRP injections involve using a concentrated form of platelets derived from the patient's own blood. Platelets contain growth factors that can promote tissue healing and regeneration. PRP injections are believed to stimulate the body's natural healing process and may be used for conditions like osteoarthritis, ligament injuries, and tendonitis.
- Stem Cell Injections - Stem cell therapy involves injecting stem cells, usually derived from the patient's bone marrow or adipose tissue, into the knee joint. These cells have the potential to differentiate into various types of cells and promote tissue repair and regeneration. Stem cell injections are still an area of ongoing research, and their effectiveness for knee conditions is being studied.
It's important to note that the appropriateness and effectiveness of these injections depend on the specific knee condition, its severity, and individual patient factors. Dr Rajesh Malhotra will help you have the right injection as per your knee health condition and recommend the most suitable treatment option for you.