Infections in the wrist, elbow, or hand can occur due to various reasons, including cuts, wounds, insect bites, or underlying medical conditions. These infections can range from mild to severe and may require medical attention. Here are a few common types of infections that can affect these areas:
- Cellulitis - Cellulitis is a bacterial infection that can affect any part of the body, including the wrist, elbow, or hand. It usually occurs when bacteria enter through a break in the skin, such as a cut or wound. Symptoms include redness, swelling, warmth, and pain in the affected area. Cellulitis requires prompt medical treatment with antibiotics.
- Abscess - An abscess is a localised collection of pus that can develop in the wrist, elbow, or hand. It often results from a bacterial infection, such as from an untreated wound or an infected hair follicle. Abscesses typically appear as swollen, painful lumps and may require drainage and antibiotic treatment.
- Septic arthritis - Septic arthritis is an infection in a joint, such as the wrist or elbow, usually caused by bacteria. It can occur when bacteria enter the joint space through a wound, surgery, or spread from another infection in the body. Symptoms include joint pain, swelling, redness, and limited mobility. Septic arthritis is a serious condition that requires immediate medical attention and treatment with antibiotics.
- Tenosynovitis - Tenosynovitis is an inflammation or infection of the tendon sheath, which is the protective covering of a tendon. It commonly affects the hand and wrist. Bacterial or fungal infections can cause tenosynovitis, resulting in symptoms like pain, swelling, stiffness, and difficulty moving the affected area. Treatment involves antibiotics or antifungal medications, along with rest and immobilisation.
- Paronychia - Paronychia is an infection that affects the skin around the nails, typically caused by bacteria or fungi. It can occur due to nail biting, hangnails, or finger injuries. Symptoms include redness, swelling, tenderness, and pus formation around the nail. Mild cases of paronychia can often be treated with warm soaks and proper hygiene, while more severe cases may require antibiotics.
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