Slipped Disc - What Is It?
Slip disc, ruptured disc, or herniated disc all mean the same thing: a problem when the soft cushion between the bones in your spine pops out because of a tear in its outer covering. The cushion has a soft jelly-like centre covered by a tough rubber-like material. As you get older, the outer covering becomes hard and can tear, causing the soft part to pop out.
A slip disc can happen anywhere in your spine. However, it is most common in the lower back. When the popped-out disc presses against the nerves around your spinal cord, it causes back pain. This nerve compression can also lead to pain that spreads from your back into your legs or arms.
What Causes Slip Disc?
A slip disc is usually caused by a combination of factors. One major factor is the natural process of ageing. As you grow older, the discs in your spine become less flexible and more prone to wear and tear. This can make them vulnerable to tearing or rupturing.
Other common causes include lifting heavy objects improperly, engaging in activities that strain the back, such as repetitive bending or twisting motions, and experiencing a sudden impact or injury to the spine. These actions can put excessive pressure on the discs, causing them to slip out of place.
Further, certain lifestyle habits such as a sedentary lifestyle, poor posture, and excessive body weight can contribute to the risk of developing a slipped disc. These factors can weaken the muscles and structures that support the spine, making it easier for a disc to slip.
Common Symptoms of A Slip Disc
A slipped disc occurs when the soft cushion-like material between the spinal bones (vertebrae) protrudes or ruptures through a weak spot in the outer layer. This condition often affects the lower back (lumbar spine) or the neck (cervical spine) and can cause a range of symptoms.
Common symptoms of a slipped disc include localised or radiating pain. The pain may be sharp or dull and can extend into the buttocks, legs, feet, arms, or hands, depending on the location of the affected disc. Numbness or tingling sensations can also occur in these areas. Muscle weakness may develop, leading to difficulty in lifting or holding objects, walking, or maintaining balance. Other symptoms can include sciatica, where the compressed nerve affects the sciatic nerve, causing pain, numbness, or tingling in the leg. Further, there may be decreased range of motion, stiffness, and muscle spasms in the affected area.
It is crucial to note that symptoms can vary based on the severity and location of the slipped disc. If you experience any of these symptoms, you should consult Dr Rajesh Malhotra, a renowned orthopaedic doctor in Delhi, for a proper diagnosis and appropriate slip disc treatment in Delhi.
Slip Disc Diagnosis
As you notice slipped disc signs or suspect of having slip disc, you should immediately consult Dr Rajesh Malhotra, a renowned slipped disc doctor. After interacting with you, he will conduct a physical examination of your affected body parts and go through your medical history. After that, he can recommend you to have the following imaging tests:
- CT Scans
- Dexa Scan
These tests help him identify the location and severity of the slipped disc. Further, these test reports enable him to determine the most appropriate treatment approach.
Slip Disc Treatment - What Are the Options?
The treatment options for a slipped disc can vary depending on the severity of symptoms and individual circumstances. Usually, Dr Rajesh Malhotra, a reputed slipped disc doctor, recommends the following slip disc treatment options:
- Conservative Treatment - Most cases of slipped discs can be effectively managed with conservative treatment methods. These may include rest, pain medication, physical therapy, heat/ice therapy, and epidural steroid injections.
- Surgical Intervention - Surgery is typically considered if conservative treatments have not provided sufficient relief or if there are severe neurological symptoms. Slipped disc surgery options may include discectomy, microdiscectomy, spinal fusion.
- Alternative Therapies - Some individuals may find relief from slipped disc symptoms through alternative therapies, such as chiropractic manipulation, acupuncture, or massage therapy. However, the effectiveness of these treatments varies from one person to another. And so, it is important for you to contact a qualified orthopaedic doctor before pursuing such options.
Risks or Complications Associated with Slipped Disc Surgery
Slipped disc surgery is a surgical procedure performed to alleviate symptoms caused by a herniated or slipped disc in the spine. While the surgery is generally considered safe and effective, there are potential risks and complications that patients should be aware of.
- Infection - Like any surgical procedure, there is a risk of infection at the incision site or within the spine. This can usually be treated with antibiotics, but in severe cases, additional surgery may be required.
- Bleeding - Surgery can cause external as well as internal bleeding. Excessive bleeding may necessitate a blood transfusion or further surgical intervention.
- Nerve damage - The surgical procedure carries a risk of nerve injury, which can result in weakness, numbness, or pain. In rare cases, it may lead to paralysis or loss of bowel or bladder control.
- Recurrence of symptoms - Although surgery aims to relieve symptoms, there is a chance of the slipped disc recurrence over time. This may require further treatment or surgery.
- Adverse reactions to anaesthesia - Some individuals may experience complications related to anaesthesia, such as allergic reactions, respiratory problems, or adverse drug interactions.
- Dural tear - During the surgery, there is a possibility of unintentional tearing of the protective covering of the spinal cord (dura). This can result in cerebrospinal fluid leakage and may require surgical repair.
- Blood clots - Prolonged periods of immobility during and after surgery can increase the risk of blood clots forming in the legs (deep vein thrombosis) or travelling to the lungs (pulmonary embolism).
It is important to note that while these risks exist, many slipped disc surgeries are successful and result in significant pain relief and improved quality of life for patients. Dr Rajesh Malhotra carefully assesses every individual's case to minimise complications and maximise the positive outcomes of the slip disc treatment procedure. You should consult him to fully understand the potential risks and benefits associated with slipped disc surgery.
Why Dr Rajesh Malhotra for Slipped Disc Treatment in Delhi?
Dr. Rajesh Malhotra, a renowned slip disc doctor, is a highly reputable choice for slipped disc treatment in Delhi. With over two decades of experience, he is a renowned orthopaedic surgeon specialising in spine surgeries. His expertise, combined with his extensive knowledge and skill set, makes him a trusted name in the field. He is known for his patient-centric approach, providing personalised care and treatment plans tailored to each individual. His dedication to staying up-to-date with the latest advancements in spinal medicine ensures that patients receive the most effective and innovative treatments available. Patients can trust him for his expertise, experience, and commitment to their well-being.